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The 4 Big Pre-Diseases

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The 4 Big Pre-Diseases

Post by Canuck Singh on Mon Mar 08, 2010 2:21 am

Diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoporosis and obesity will kill 90% of us prematurely. As the saying goes, "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." Yet, far too few of us heed this advice.

These are the big four diseases that destroy quality of life and kill over 90% of the population. To stem the rising incidence of these conditions, health experts have now identified "prediseases". These are the predetermined markers, or clear warning signs of the formerly mentioned diseases.

Identifying prediseases and tackling them before they become full-blown conditions is the best way to protect your long-term health. Here's what you need to know about these prediseases.

Prediabetes

A whopping 54 million American adults have blood glucose that's higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. However, high blood glucose places you at greater risk for developing type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

A fasting blood glucose of 100 to 125 or a blood glucose of 140 to 199 two hours after a glucose tolerance test (drinking a specific sugar solution) indicates prediabetes. Most physicians will only assess fasting blood glucose. Make sure you ask your doctor about both assessments.

Prehypertension

About one-third of Americans have prehypertension, which increases the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure), this doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Prehypertension is determined by a systolic blood pressure reading (the top number) of 120 to 139 or a diastolic reading of 80 to 89.

Strategies for controlling prehypertension are similar to those for treating high blood pressure. Fat loss is a priority; each two pound loss of unwanted body weight (fat) lowers blood pressure by about one point. A calorie-controlled diet and regular vigorous exercise (5-6 days a week) is the only way to do achieve this.

Osteopenia

Approximately 34 million Americans over the age of 50 have the precondition of osteoporosis which is called osteopenia. Although women are at greater risk, it also affects men. Osteopenia has no symptoms, but as bones get thinner, the risk of fracture increases. Without a bone density test, a broken bone may be your first clue that osteopenia has progressed to osteoporosis.

The only way to effectively beat this one is to perform regular weight training exercise. A diet rich in bone-building nutrients such as calcium and vitamin D is a start. However, to avoid osteoporosis adults have to hit the gym and pump iron.

Overweight

Being overweight (fat) is the forerunner to everything that destroys health and shortens the lifespan. Just being 5 to10% overweight increases the risk of a host of chronic diseases such as diabetes, gallstones, high blood pressure, heart disease, colon cancer and stroke. And the risk rises in proportion to the degree that the individual is overweight.

Dietary changes and regular physical activity are a must to beat this one. Most people have good intentions but they lack direction. A clear plan needs to be constructed and followed. The exact amount of calories consumed each day needs to be determined and adhered to. Overweight people that haven’t exercised in a while should get the all clear from their physician before undertaking a rigorous diet and exercise program.

Whether it’s yourself or someone close to you always invest in health. Take preventive action now, it’s a much smaller price to pay.
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